Their.ommunities,.n turn, have reduced need for social services, allowing them to spend scarce resources on more productive development programs. Below are the key figures for the world population in 2016: 3 776 294 273 males as of 31 December 2016 3 710 295 643 females as of 31 December 2016 4 042 758 555 people live in urban areas 54 % of total world population 3 443 831 361 people live in rural areas 46 % of total world population The population of the world is projected to increased by 90 440 574 people in 2017 and reach 7 577 030 490 in the end of the year. The United Nations set a target for Millennium Development Goal 4: to reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-5 mortality rate. In 1999, the world population passed the six billion marks. Europe is the only region where the total population is projected to decline. While that has been the general experience in some parts of the world, notably Europe, it is not yet clear whether it is a universal pattern. 13 In any case, the projections in this report are not based on theories about economic development leading to secularization. These and other key input data and assumptions are explained in detail in Chapter 1 and the Methodology Appendix A . But fully 20% of Jews around the world are 60 or older, as are 15% of Buddhists, 14% of Christians, 14% of adherents of other religions taken as a whole, 13% of the unaffiliated and 11% of adherents of folk religions. In India, agricultural expansion would force crops into habitats like wetlands that act as important buffers against flooding and sea-level rise. And, if so, when? Only 3% of the world's population lived in cities in 1800; this proportion had risen to 47% by 2000, and reached 50.5% by 2010. 53 By 2050, the proportion may reach 70%. 54 During the European Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions, the life expectancy of children increased dramatically. 55 The percentage of the children born in London who died before the age of five decreased from 74.5% in 1730–1749 to 31.8% in 1810–1829. 56 57 Between 1700 and 1900, Europe’s population increased from about 100 million to over 400 million. 58 Altogether, the areas populated by people of European descent comprised 36% of the world's population in 1900. 59 Population growth in the West became more rapid after the introduction of vaccination and other improvements in medicine and sanitation . 60 Improved material conditions led to the population of Britain increasing from 10 million to 40 million in the 19th century. 61 The population of the United Kingdom reached 60 million in 2006. 62 The United States saw its population grow from around 5.3 million in 1800 to 106 million in 1920, exceeding 307 million in 2010. 63 The first half of the 20th century in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union was marked by a succession of major wars, famines and other disasters which caused large-scale population losses approximately 60 million excess deaths. 64 65 After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia's population declined significantly – from 150 million in 1991 to 143 tierra poblacion million in 2012 66 – but by 2013 this decline appeared to have halted. 67 Many countries in the developing world have experienced extremely rapid population growth since the early 20th century, due to economic development and improvements in public health. This will be reflected in the slower growth of religions heavily concentrated in the region, including Buddhism and Chinese folk religions, as well as slower growth of Asia’s large unaffiliated population. Muslims will be more numerous in the U.S. than people who identify as Jewish on the basis of religion. Close to a billion people go hungry each day.
Millions of citizens live in slums and thousands of villages and districts lack sewage, electricity and drinking water. People visiting, arguing, and screaming. Europe 's 733 million people make up 12% of the world's population as of 2012, while the Latin American and Caribbean regions are home to around 600 million 9%. While many people have offered predictions about the future of religion, these are the first formal demographic projections using data on age, fertility, mortality, migration and religious switching for multiple religious groups around the world. Ongoing growth in both regions will fuel global increases in the Muslim population. Several UN protocols note the special need for quality maternal health services in these places, including the International Conference on Population and Development Program of Action, adopted by 179 countries in 1994. Even among the Hispanic population, among the nation's fastest growing, birthrates have been falling since 2006. Forecasts of population by continents and countries.